Petersburg is growing and flourishing - as St. Petersburg was built. Part 3
After the victory at Poltava, active construction of country residences and palaces of the nobility begins in St. Petersburg and the surrounding area.
In order to start improving Vasilievsky island faster, Peter donated it in 1707 to Alexander Danilovich Menshikov, his closest associate and the first Governor-General of St. Petersburg - and by 1710 Menshikov was building a three-story stone Palace on the banks of the Neva river. Along the banks of the Neva river, houses of "famous people" and prominent dignitaries are also being built.
Even earlier, in 1705, the construction of Peterhof ( now Petrodvorets), the most famous Royal residence, was started. This is the most classic example of suburban Palace and Park ensembles of Peter's time. The idea and the composition, again, belonged to Peter. In the tradition of the time, it was a regular Park with direct prospects connecting the buildings of the Park-the Upper Palace, Monplaisir, the Hermitage, the Marly pavilion, as well as numerous fountains and cascades. So there was a brilliant Royal residence, known throughout the world as a masterpiece of Palace and Park architecture.
From 1710 to 1725, Prince A. D. Menshikov also commissioned the construction of a large Royal residence - Oranienbaum ( now Lomonosov). Here Menshikov planned to build a country residence for himself-the Menshikov Palace in Oranienbaum and the surrounding Palace and Park ensemble.
In 1710, by the decree of Peter I, the construction of the Alexander Nevsky monastery began. With this structure, Peter wanted to perpetuate the name of Alexander Nevsky, who defeated the Swedes. The monastery became active in 1713. In 1723, the "relics" of Alexander Nevsky were delivered to the monastery.
In 1720, Peter, as a country residence is much closer to the city ( now it is already the center), built a small Smolny Palace. It got its name from the Smolny yard located nearby, where tar was cooked for the needs of the fleet. In 1744, it burned and then rebuilt. And in 1748, with the permission of the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, the most beautiful Smolny Cathedral was laid nearby.
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